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Copyright & Public Domain FAQ


What is copyright?
Copyright is the right that the producer of a creative work has been granted to prevent others from copying it. You don't have to apply for a copyright - you get one automatically every time you produce creative work.

A creative work can be almost anything - a book, a song, a picture, a photograph, a poem, a phrase, or even a fictional character.

Licenses may be granted to others, giving them the right to copy the work subject to certain conditions. The creative work may only be copied under the conditions given by the copyright holder. Copyright does not protect against all possible copying: both US law and the Berne Convention limit its scope and enable much copying without permission even if the copyright holder objects.

Several exclusive rights typically attach to the holder of a copyright;
· to produce copies of the work and to sell those copies (including, typically, electronic copies)
· to import or export the work
· to create derivative works
· to perform or display the work publicly
· to sell or assign these rights to others

Copyright laws vary between countries. The Berne convention is a comprehensive international agreement on copyrights which is part of the copyright law of many nations.

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What is Public domain?
Most copyrights and patents have a finite term; when this expires, the work or invention is released into public domain. Some types of works and inventions are ineligible for copyright/patenting; such works immediately enter the public domain upon publication. Also there are many works that are not part of the public domain, but for which the owner of some proprietary rights has chosen not to enforce those rights, or to grant some subset of those rights to the public. The public domain comprises the body of knowledge and innovation (especially creative works such as writing, photography, music, and inventions) in relation to which no person or other legal entity can establish or maintain proprietary interests. This body of information and creativity is considered to be part of the common cultural and intellectual heritage of humanity, which in general anyone may use or exploit.

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Is information on pedigrees/dogs copyrighted?
Information that is submitted to the Pedigree Database is not copyrighted. The facts that make up pedigree information are easily available from multiple sources (both online and in print) and are considered information that is in the public domain. By registering, breeding, showing, or competing, you are making the facts (name, date of birth, etc.) about your dog easily available to the public. As facts rather than original works or creations, they are not protected by copyright or trademark law. However the database as a whole is a creative work and is protected by copyright law.

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I have bought a picture from a photographer, who has copyright?
The photographer has copyright. In some instances a person may have bought all the rights to the image. Most often when people buy a picture they actually buy a limited right to use the image. This means that they can use it and give permission for it to be used in some contexts. However the copyright to the image stays with the photographer.

We ask that anyone submitting images obtain permission to do so from the copyright holder or from the person who has rights to use the picture. We provide a reminder about this on the forms for submitting images. It is not possible to add images without filling in the "photographer" field of the form.

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What if my picture has been used without permission?
If you discover that your picture has been used without permission use the "report error" button at the bottom of each page. If you feel your image has been misused let us know. We reserve the right to ban from the site people who add images without permission.

 
 
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